Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain (after Madrid) in both size and population. It is also the capital of Catalonia. Due to its its history, tradition, cultural influences and geographic location, Barcelona is a Mediterranean city with amalgam of diverse cultures.
Barcelona is undoubtedly one of the world's leading tourist, economic and cultural centres. Its influences in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world’s major global cities.
Barcelona is Europe's third and one of the world's most successful as a city brand, both in terms of reputation and assets. It is a major economic centre and a growing financial centre; one of Europe's principal Mediterranean ports can be found here as well as Barcelona international airport, which handles about 30 million passengers per year. Barcelona is the 4th richest city by GDP in the European Union.
Barcelona has been ranked as the 12th-most-visited city in the world and 4th most visited in Europe after Paris, London, and Rome. In addition, it is the most popular tourist destination in Spain (receiving over 5 million tourists every year).
Due to its rich cultural heritage, Barcelona is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are architectural works of Antoni Gaudi and Lluis Domenech I Montaner that have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Barcelona has many artistic monuments spread through out the city. These artistic monuments (especially those by Gaudi) make Barcelona different from the other cities in Spain, notably by their originality and eccentricity.
There are two official languages spoken in Barcelona: Catalan (generally spoken in all of Catalonia) and Castilian Spanish.
62% of the inhabitants of Barcelona were born in Catalonia, with a 23.5% coming from the rest of Spain. Of the 13.9% from other countries, the majority come from Latin America, Morocco, Pakistan and China.
Barcelona has a Mediteranean climate, with an average annual temperature of 20 degrees Celcius (68 degrees Farenheit). The city has mild, humid winters and warm, dry summers.
Some of the major attractions in Barcelona include: La Pedrera, Casa Batllo, Park Güell, Sagrada Familia, Gothic Quarter, Las Ramblas, Picaso Museum, Barcelona Port, FC Barcelona Stadium.